Crop plants project is a science activity for 8th grade students to learn about different crops, agricultural practices, reproduction , and growing period. In addition to the collection of agricultural data, the project also involves participants in developing Herbarium specimens of crop plants under study. What is Herbarium? It is a collection of preserved plant specimens and their data to perform scientific studies on those specimens. So, are you ready for the ‘Crop Plants Project’?
- Does the crop plants of Patiala (or your specific geographical location) varies in agricultural practices, reproduction, and growing period?
Things that you need:
Crop plants project involves two stages. The first stage involves survey and the second stage involves the preparation of Herbarium specimens.
Requirements of Survey:
- A convenient mode of transportation
- A set of selected farmers
- A project data chart
- A friend to assist
Requirements of Herbarium preparation:
- A collection bag
- Card stock
- A heavy book for pressing
- Plastic protection sheets (bags)
- Labels (Small pieces of papers to note the information)
- Pencil to note
Step 1: Identify the crop plants in your study location and select the plants that you wish to study from the list of crop plants in your study location.
Step 2: Go out with your friend and meet farmers to gather information associated to your selected study plants. Use the project data sheet to record the information.
Step 3: Collect the whole samples of plants for Herbarium project.
Step 4: Clean the samples carefully to remove dirty and mud from the plants. Note the common name, scientific name, family name, and location from where you found the crop plant on the label.
Step 5: Take note of other observations like,
- The look and smell of the plant
- Unique characteristics of the plant
Step 6: Carefully keep the whole plant in between the pages of the heavy book. Make sure to spread out the plant for seeing all its parts. You can keep more than one plant in a book, but make sure that the plants are kept by spacing them several pages apart.
Step 7: Once you place all the plant samples for pressing, close the book and use something heavy to press the pages of the book. set it aside for 10 to 15 days.
Step 8: Once dry, store the Herbarium species separately on individual card stock. Use tapes to to fix the species on to the card stock. Fix the label for each specimen and cover carefully with the protective plastic sheets.
Step 9: Compile your observations and conclude.
Project data chart:
|PLANT 1||PLANT 2||PLANT 3||PLANT 4|
|Look of Plant|
|Smell of Plant|
Write Your Conclusion: