Earth’s Surface Project

Structure of Earth | Earth's Surface
Structure of Earth
Structure of Earth

We have studied that Earth’s surface is composed of three major parts – the Core, mantle, and crust. This project is for grade 1 or grade 2 students and can also be done with the preschoolers to give them an idea of earth’s surface and structure.

Project Questions:

  1. What are the major parts of earth’s structure?
  2. What is the order in which the parts of earth’s structure are organized?

Things that you need:

  1. Styrofoam ball
  2. Pencil
  3. Cutter
  4. Paint brush
  5. Paint
  6. Newspaper
  7. Stick
  8. A glass full of sand


Step 1: If you are good at drawing maps, draw the continents on the Styrofoam ball using pencil.

Step 2: Now pierce the stick through the point of axis on the globe that you have made out of the Styrofoam ball. Keep the longer stem of the stick in the sand box to keep it steady up from the surface.

Step 3: Use your colors to paint blue for the spaces of ocean and green on the places of land on your globe.

Step 4: Using the cutter, cut a portion of the globe like a cake slice that goes deep into the center of globe.

Step 5: Using the pencil, mark the three parts of the earth on the cut out portion.

Step 6: You may paint Maroon or dark brown to the inner most portion (the Core), orange to paint the middle portion (mantle), and a thin area of black paint to shade the outer layer (crust).

Project data chart:

What are the major parts of Earth’s Structure?
What is the order in which the parts of earth’s structure are organized?

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