New Planets in Our Solar System – Truth or Mystery?

New Planets in Our Solar System

Do we have a 10th planet in our solar system? Are there possibilities of new planets in our solar system? Until recently, after the declaration that Pluto is only a dwarf planet, we only knew eight planets for the Sun. However, recent studies about the solar system and its planets ignited chances for two more planets for the Sun.

New Planets in Our Solar System

The solar system includes the sun and all of the objects that travel around it. These traveling objects include planets and their natural satellites, dwarf planets, asteroids , comets and meteoroids. Since Pluto’s discovery in 1930, the world knew 9 planets of the Sun including Pluto. Later when the International Astronomical Union redefined the term ‘planet’ and Pluto was degraded as a dwarf planet, we knew 8 planets for our Sun. That is only about our solar system. Like solar system, there are more systems in our Milky Way Galaxy. This means like the Sun, there are several more stars and each of these stars can have possible planets. However, we still knew only eight planets for our Sun.

We knew that the nearest planet of the Sun is Mercury and the farthest is Neptune. A large planet in the far outer solar system was first mentioned by the astronomers Chad Trujillo and Scott S in 2014 on a letter to the journal Nature. In 2016, researchers Konstantin Batygin and Michael E. Brown explained the 9th planet to be as massive as a super-Earth. They drawn attention to the hypothetical planet by comparing its size to an estimated mass of 10 Earths.

Planet 9 - An Artist's impression
Planet 9 – An Artist’s impression

Forget about that 9th planet. Scientists found evidence of a 10th planet on the edge of the solar system. Though the study conducted on this matter has a bigger implications, it is titled low-profile: The curiously warped mean plane of the Kuiper belt. Kuiper belt, however, is not unfamiliar to the world – the region of icy celestial bodies that extend’s beyond the orbit of Neptune. The Kuiper belt includes Pluto and three more dwarf planets. After studying on the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) and learning the difference in the tilt of KBOs at the outskirts of the belt, the co-author Kat Volk believes the presence of an unidentified mass causing this abnormality. This explains the possibilities of new planets in our solar system.

What actually led towards the search for the new planets in our solar system? When researchers started their search for a planet beyond Pluto, no one assumed that the search would discover the evidence for TWO new planets in our solar system. By mass, both the planets are expected to be superior to Earth. The new planets are assumed to be in the outer edge of our solar system and that makes it genuine to say that only high resolution sky survey telescopes can reveal the truths about these planets. We may need to wait until 2020 to know more about these planets as a Large Synoptic Survey Telescope is scheduled to go into service then.

What actually is the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope? It is a wide-field survey reflecting telescope an 8.4 meter primary mirror. Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, which is currently under construction, will produce the deepest and widest images of the Universe. The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope is expected to reveal the unseen but possible new planets of our Solar system.

There is a lot more than what we think about the discovery of planet 9 and planet 10. When connected with the expected documentary of the famous physicist, “Stephen Hawking: Expedition New Earth”, colonizing another planet in near future is very important for the existence of humans. Can plant 9 or planet 10 provide a home to the current living things of planet Earth? There are a lot more questions to be answered and we still have to wait until 2020 to know more about the new planets.

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