Properties of Magnets: Magnet is a material with invisible magnetic field around it. This magnetic field makes the object as a supernatural material with amazing properties like attraction and repulsion. Read further to learn more about the properties of magnets.
- Attractive Property of magnets – Magnets can attract some materials, called ferromagnetic substances towards it. Ferromagnetic materials are those materials which are attracted by a magnet like iron fillings, steel pins, etc. To experience this property of a magnet, try to bring some iron fillings near the magnet. When you try this experiment, you will notice that the magnet attracts those iron fillings towards it. Moreover, you will see that the the ends of the magnet attract more iron fillings than the middle. The point where the attraction appears to be maximum is called the poles of a magnet. And the poles of a magnet are located on the ends of it.
- Directive Property – We have already discussed about a magnet’s poles. Every magnet has two poles and they are the South (S) and the North (N) poles. Whenever we freely suspend a magnet, it always come to rest as pointing it’s South Pole and North Pole towards the earth’s south and north respectively. This general property of a magnet is referred as directive property.
- Like poles repel each other and unlike poles attract: If you bring two magnets closer, either these magnets attract to each other or repels from each other. If you are bringing the magnet’s same poles together, they repel and if you are bringing their different poles together, they will attract. If you bring north pole of a magnet closer to the the north pole of another magnet, they will surely repel but if you bring the south pole of a magnet near to the north pole of another magnet, they will attract each other.
- No mono-pole exists in magnet: Have you ever broken a magnet into pieces? If a magnet breaks into pieces, each piece becomes a separate magnet with North and South poles. That means no monopole exist in magnets. If the pieces are broken again and again, each part regains its power of magnetism with separate North and South poles. Otherwise, we can say that every magnet has two poles.
Try some magnetic experiments at http://www.youtube.com/c/funbrains