Static Electricity Definition:
Have you ever experienced a quick shock when you walk on a carpeted floor or when you touch a metal rode (especially after using a woolen jacket)? If yes, that’s nothing unusual. The shock is due to static electricity.
Static electricity is a stationary electric charge. This charge is produced by the contact of two objects (friction). Objects are made of atoms. Atoms have a nucleus at the center and electrons surround the nucleus. In some cases, when two objects are in contact, certain unique objects are prone to lose some electrons from their surface while the other objects gain them and ultimately builds up excess charge. This temporary formation of electric charge is known as static electricity.
You can try our experiments on static electricity to get a better understanding of the concept.