Taiga Forest: The largest biome on the land surface our planet, Taiga Forest, expands its geographical extends from North America to Europe, Asia and to the southern border of Arctic Tundra. Taiga is also known as the coniferous forest or the boreal forest.
Taiga is gifted with evergreen trees which do not drop their leaves or needles during the winter. Taiga has the coldest weather among the forest biomes with winter dropping down to almost -51o C or -60o F. The average temperature climbs to 10o C or 50o F only for 4 months in a year. Rainfall in this biome is only light and rain in summer forms snow while in winter fog.
The good soil in taiga forest is only a thin layer due to the lack of leaves falling from the trees. The taiga forest is also characterized as the forest that has a short growing season due to the long winter. When compared with other biomes like rainforests, taiga has less diverse plant population. Conifer (or the cone-bearing tree) is the most is the most common among the plants in taiga.
The harshness of taiga is due to its coldness and due to that reason it is a difficult place for many animals to live. Siberian tigers and brown bears are the animals to be counted as special in taiga forest. Siberian tigers are rare and are officially declared as endangered species.