The Savanna: We have studied about grasslands and so we did mention about savannas there. Savanna is a type of grassland biome. Savanna has its own characteristics but they are mostly known as tropical grasslands. Savannas are mostly seen in Africa with grasses ranging from very short to tall up to 7 feet long. Savannas are also found in India, South America, and Australia.
Savannas hold a warm weather year-round, yet they are known to have two seasons – rainy season and dry season (or sunny season as people in Uganda say). Trees are few in grasslands, only those trees which can stand the weather and possible droughts. So, savannas are mainly grasslands with occasional trees.
The abundance of grass in savanna allows large herds of animals to live here and graze. These grazing animals do also attract many hunting animals like lions, cheetahs, leopards, hyenas, etc. Elephants, Giraffes, Zebras, Antelopes, wildebeests, and Buffaloes are the major grazing animals found in savannas.
Savannas are rich with tall grasses. Due to the length of grasses, most animals living in the savanna has long legs. The long legs also help them during migration.
Human beings, as we discussed earlier, do cause problems for their own habitats and for others. Due to over hunting and environmental degradation, many species of animals living in savannas are endangered today.