The Tundra: We have seen many biomes including grasslands, deserts, and savannas. Tundra is a biome too. Tundra biomes are located near the North Pole in Arctic Circle, Northern Canada, and Alska in Northern Hemisphere, and costal Antarctica in southern hemisphere.
Tundra never experiences average temperature above 10o C, but it can have an average temperature of 0o C or higher for not less than 1 month. Rainfall in this biome is low, but it is expected to have a very cold climate.
With the extreme cold and shortage of rainfall, Tundra has very few species of plants and animals to make it their home. Seals, Penguins, polar bears, and caribou are the common large mammals seen in this biome.
The word Tundra itself means ‘treeless land’ and is adopted from the Finnish word tunturia. Tundra biome is unique in storing carbon dioxide. This is because it keeps more carbon dioxide than it gives off. There only a very few trees which can grow in Tundra. Under the snow and ice, though there is a thick layer of soil, it is frozen and does not permit deep rotted plants to survive.
So, when we think of tundra biome, we can imagine a cold, dry, and almost barren surface on the Earth. The harshness of tundra makes it difficult for people to visit. Moreover, it is one of the driest biome with only an average of 10 inches annual rainfall.
Tundra, though dry and poorly inhabited, it has many oil resources. Due to the adverse effect it can cause by mining oil from tundra, people are not thinking of such developments.